The Blue-fronted Amazon lives in group and may live up to 80 years.
Also known as the “papagaio-trombeteiro”, “papagaio-curau” and “papagaio-comum” in Brazil, but its scientific name is Amazona aestiva. It measures about 36 cm and weights 400g. Blue and yellow feathers are found on head and around the eyes, but there is a huge variation on coloration and, therefore, not two parrots are identical. The shoulder and the base of the tail are red, the beak is black and the rest of the body is green.
The parrots reach sexual maturity at three or four years old. It is the period when they mate for life, as they are monogamic. They concentrate their reproduction on Spring and early Summer – from September to December. The clutch is composed of multiple eggs, which are incubated for a long time. The nestlings are born without feathers and with closed eyes, and, even after fledgling, they stay with their parents until the following reproductive season. They need mature trees for reproduction, where they search for appropriate cavities. Their diet is composed of seeds, fruits, pulp and shoots of leaves and flowers.
The Blue-fronted Amazon stands out among the 27 species of the Gender Amazona that occurs in Central and South America, as it has a naturally wide distribution, including: Brazil (several states), eastern part of Bolivia, north of Argentina and south Paraguay. Despite that, little is known about its ecology. Until 1977, when the Blue-fronted Amazon Project started, almost all the knowledge about this species was either very general information or studies that were done at the Salta Province, in Argentina.